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California students have greater language diversity than in any other state or nation. California Teachers Association fights to ensure quality education and equal access for all students.

The primary purpose of Language Acquisition programs is to help students acquire proficiency in English. English Language Learners should receive instruction in other subjects and should be assessed in these other subjects in their primary language until they achieve proficiency. See more information below about CTA’s policy for language acquisition and development for our students. 

Teacher Preparation: English Language Learners 

California students have greater language diversity than in any other state or nation, and our State must meet the challenge of ensuring equal access for these students. Educators need to have in-depth understanding of language acquisition so that they can comprehend how strategies support students’ language development during instruction of all academic areas. Educators need to understand how first language acquisition contributes to students second language acquisition. The basic need for teachers of English learners (ELs) is to obtain the skills and knowledge for effective teaching of ELs. Teachers who are not certified to teach EL students should be encouraged to obtain the appropriate English Learner authorization to enable them to work with students of all language backgrounds. Teachers who wish to teach students in their primary language should receive support to obtain the appropriate bilingual authorization. This authorization enables teachers to work with students of specific language backgrounds in the area selected for authorization.

English Plus 

Laws and regulations that restrict the language (or languages) of instruction are contrary to the educational well-being of all students. English is the primary language of political, social and economic communication in the United States and students shall be provided access to programs which result in standard English proficiency and acquisition of core curricular knowledge, recognizing the benefits of the students’ primary language or dialect.

Language Acquisition Programs Including Multilingual Programs

All students are entitled to equal access to all educational opportunities. Students without English proficiency are denied equal access unless appropriate educational support is provided. Regardless of title, programs to engender language acquisition have two goals – language skills development and content learning. Multilingual programs should focus on proficiency in the ability to speak, read, and write in English and the target language(s). Before students achieve proficiency, schools should provide meaningful instruction in all curricular areas in the primary language.

Instructional Materials: English Learners

English Learners (ELs) have specific learning needs. The acquisition of a second language takes a minimum of 3-7 years. Instructional materials for EL students should consider all levels of language proficiency, but special attention should be paid to Emerging, Expanding and Bridging levels. This proficiency should be determined by the students’ scores on a formal and validated language assessment and the educational expertise of the classroom teacher. The core academic curriculum is taught to an EL in English with instruction properly scaffolded. Adopted instructional materials should be designed to meet the specific academic and linguistic needs of EL students. It is essential teachers of ELs have access to the highest quality instructional materials, as well as quality professional development. All instructional materials used for literacy development for ELs instructed in English should align to both the English Language Arts and the English Language Development standards of the State of California.

Assessment and Testing: Assessment for/of Student Learning 

EL students should be given mandated tests in their primary languages until English fluency is attained. It is the responsibility of the State Department of Education to provide the state-mandated assessments in the child’s primary language. The primary purpose of assessment is to improve student learning. Assessment literacy needs to be utilized to determine the best tools and practices to support this purpose. Summative assessment practices and tools should include alternative ways to demonstrate mastery, especially students who are in multi-lingual programs and for students whose primary language is other than English.

Resources for Parents and Educators 

California Newcomer Network (CANN)

Visit the CANN website that helps connect, equip, and empower California’s passionate educational leaders who work with Newcomers.

Californians Together English Learner Roadmaps for Elementary, Middle and High School Teachers

Californians Together designed toolkits help teachers understand and make-meaning of the EL Roadmap policy in classroom terms. An Administrator’s Guidance Document on how to engage teachers in the EL Roadmap is also available for download below.

Guidelines for Implementing the Seal of Biliteracy

The goals for presenting these guidelines are to:

  1. Strengthen existing strategies for implementing the Seal of Biliteracy
  2. Encourage expansion of practices at the local and state levels
  3. Connect all language learning programs across institutional lines (including primary, secondary, and postsecondary institutions) to support all learners to achieve the Seal of Biliteracy, regardless of learners’ native or heritage languages
Alas y Voz

The Alas y Voz campaign is designed to raise awareness among parents of English Learners about the benefits of biliteracy so they may choose bilingual programs for their children.

The Spanish language website ( helps parents:

  • Connect with videos, stories and graphics that are available on Facebook, YouYube and Instagram that highlight why biliteracy is so important and provides accurate information about language learning
  • Identify bilingual programs in their community
  • Learn how to request a  program if there isn’t one in their community
  • Share the content of the campaign with their friends
LCP Report — Teaching and Learning During Uncertain Times: A Review of Learning Continuity and Attendance Plans

In late June 2020, California replaced the 2020-21 Local Control and Accountability Plan (LCAP) with the Learning Continuity and Attendance Plan (LCP) as a response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The purpose was to provide information about how districts planned to invest state resources to address student learning and school safety during the COVID-19 crisis in the 2020–21 school year.

Improving Education for Multilingual and English Learner Students